The Wine: Raiz Macerado 2019
Raiz Macerado is a skin contact wine made from 100% Loureiro Portugal native grape varietal. The grapes are from five-year-old vines planted on clay-limestone soils near the Atlantic Ocean and are hand-harvested in mid-September. They are not de-stemmed right away but spend two days macerating, and then undergo spontaneous fermentation in 1000L lagars with indigenous yeasts for about 20 days. The wine is aged on lees for 10 months in 15 hectolitres concrete tanks. Raiz Macerado is unfined and unfiltered.
The Producer: Tiago Teles
Tiago Teles is a talented winemaker from Bairrada, Northwestern Portugal, where he's been making natural wines from organically farmed grapes. Tiago has a penchant for storytelling and he's the author of a book about wine available for download on his website titled "Wines of Terroir".
His philosophy is centered around the quality of the grapes and how well each grape varietal has adapted to the environment. Tiago believes that authentic and natural wines can only be made from grapes grown on the right soils with the right climate conditions.
Tiago sources his grapes from several locations, mainly Bairrada, in particular S. Mateus and Valdazar, and Arcos dos Valdevez. He then vinifies the grapes at At Quinta dos Cozinheiros, near Figueira da Foz, and at Quinta da Cancela, in Arcos de Valdevez.
The Region: Bairrada
Bairrada is a region located in northwest Portugal within the wider region called Beira Litoral, between the Atlantic Ocean (west) and the mountains of Dão region (east), stretching from the coast to the border with Spain. Bairrada is a Denominação de Origem Controlada (DOC), the highest recognition for a wine region in Portugal.
The most widely planted grape varietal in this region is Baga (75% of all vineyards), traditionally vinified into dark red powerful wines with firm tannins. Other red varietals grown in Bairrada are Portugal native like Castelão, Rufete, Touriga Nacional but also international, such as Syrah, Merlot, and Cabernet Sauvignon. Among the several white grape varietals grown in the region, we have Arinto, Bical, Cercial, Sercialinho, Fernão Pires, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc.
The Terroir of Bairrada
Bairrada’s terroir and its wines are deeply influenced by two elements: the Atlantic Ocean, and the clay soils rich in limestone. The Ocean mitigates the climate, which could be defined as maritime with substantial rainfall. The further we move from the coast towards the Dão region, the higher the quality of the grapes.