The Wine: Furlani Joannizza Pet Nat
Furlani Joannizza Pet Nat is a sparkling natural wine made with the ancestral method from 100% Joannizza (Joannita) grapes farmed biodynamically and organically. Joannita is a very rare grape variety that was bred in 1968 by Johannes Zimmerman at the wine growing institute in Freiburg, Germany. It is a cross between Riesling, Seyve-Villard, Rulander and Gutedel that has proven to be fungus and disease reisistent in cold, wet climates such as the high Alps. It can be found rarely, in tiny pockets of Switzerland and Germany. Matteo Furlani planted a small 1 hectare parcel of the variety 4 years ago, this is the first harvest and subsequent wine made from it. No sulfur added.
The Producer: Furlani
Towering over the alpine city of Trento, at some 700+ meters of altitude, are the tiny parcels of vines tended by Matteo Furlani. Matteo is the current custodian of his family plots high in the Dolomites; he is a fourth generation winemaker.
After studying agronomy, not winemaking (he learned that from his father and grandfather) Matteo set his sights on working his land in the most natural of ways. Chemicals were never a part of what Matteo's predecessors used to tend the vines yet Matteo took an even more rigorous approach, incorporating biodynamic preparations and methodologies in the vineyards today.
Soils are surface clay over schist and broken granite, known as sasso dolomitico, planted in several small parcels surrounding the village of Povo, directly above Trento. Vines are trained in the traditional 'Pergola Trentina' allowing for proper ventilation, drying and sun exposure. Local varieties are prized above all though there is a small planting of Pinot Noir and Chardonnay used to make the "Metodo Interrotto" sparkling wines.
Wines are fermented either in cement tanks or small glass demijohns with no temperature control, no yeast, no sulfur. To clarify the wines they are often racked into demijohns during the winter and placed outside in the snow allowing the wine to naturally settle. The "Metodo Interrotto" or Interrupted Method cuvees essentially refer to an unfinished method Champagnoise, bottle re-fermentation.
The Region: Trentino-Alto Adige