The Wine: Vigna Vecchia Trebbiano Spoletino 2017
Collecapretta Vigna Vecchia is a white wine made from old vine Trebbiano Spoletino grapes grown in the hills of Umbria, Central Italy. The grapes are farmed biodynamically and harvested by hand. Spontaneous fermentation with native yeasts, minimal sulfites.
The Producer: Collecapretta
Collecapretta is a small company managed by Vittorio Mattioli his wife Anna and daughter Annalisa. The estate is is less than five hectares planted with vineyards, at an altitude between 400 and 550 meters above sea level, with good ventilation. The soil is formed predominantly of clay with some rocks. At Collecapretta no herbicides or pesticides are used in the vineyard; in the cellar, the approach is low interventionist. Spontaneous fermentation, no temperature control, no addition of sulfur.
The Region: Umbria
The Terroir of Umbria
Due to its position, right in the heart of the Italian peninsula, and lack of access to the sea, Umbria has a fairly homogenous continental climate with cold winters and hot summers.
Along the coast of Lake Trasimeno, on the Northwestern border with Tuscany, the climate is slightly milder. Here we find the higher density of vineyards, planted on Umbria's characteristic rolling hills.
The Red Wines of Umbria
Even though Umbria is more famous for its white wines - a common thread in Central Italy if we think about Marche and Lazio - the only two DOCGs appellations are red wines.
Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG: made with 100% Sagrantino grapes, native to Umbria and specifically to the town of Montefalco. Sagrantino is one of the most tannic grape varietals in Italy and gives wines that are intensely dark.
Torgiano Rosso Riserva DOCG: made with 70%-100% Sangiovese, and 30% maximum of other grape varietals such as Canaiolo, Cigliegiolo, Montepulciano, and even white grape varietal Trebbiano.
In addition to the two DOCGs, there are in Umbria several producers making wine with international varietals such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and also Gamay.
The White Wines of Umbria
Umbria has been historically a land of white wines with Orvieto being perhaps its best-known white wine and for a specific reason. Orvieto is, in fact, a blend of several grape varietals native to Umbria such as Grechetto, Verdello, Drupeggio, Trebbiano, also known as Procanico, and its clones, such as Trebbiano Spoletino.
Chardonnay also finds its place in Umbria, though it's a fairly recent trend, where it's often blended with Grechetto for a distinct Umbrian style Chardonnay.