The Wine: Ghirbi' Pet Nat 2018
Tanca Nica Ghirbi' Pet Nat is a white natural wine made from Zibibbo grapes grown on the Sicilian island of Pantelleria. The vines are planted on sandy and volcanic soils. Tanca Nica Ghirbi' Pet Nat fermented with native yeasts, unfiltered, unfined, no added sulfites. Ultra-rare wine from Pantelleria, we only have 5 bottles!
The Producer: Tanca Nica
Tanca Nica is a small 3-hectare winery located in Pantelleria, a volcanic island off the coast of Sicily – closer to North Africa than to Italy mainland. Tanca Nica is managed by Francesco Ferreri and his wife Nicoletta. Tanca, in Pantesco dialect, means small hilly land cultivated and arranged in terraces, and it is precisely that in which the vines grow, while Nica is the name of the place where the thermal waters emerge from the seabed and mix with the great Mediterranean blue.
Francesco, after graduating in winemaking in Conegliano, decides to travel the world to learn different winemaking techniques. Eventually, he decides to return to Pantelleria, where he starts farming a small vineyard of only 2 hectares planted with Zibibbo – also known Moscato d’Alessandria – Pignatello – called Nivuro Nostrale, or "black of the place" – and Catarratto. Francesco doesn't use any chemicals in the vineyard or in the cellar, winemaking is as natural as possible. Tanca Nica's wines are one of a kind wines, mirroring the unique terroir where they come from.
The Region: Sicily
Sicily is Italy’s biggest island and also its biggest region. It’s separated from the mainland by the Strait of Messina (Stretto di Messina). The capital of Sicily is Palermo, a majestically decadent multicultural city offering one of the richest culinary traditions in Italy.
Sicily’s history and culture are fascinating, to say the least. Their complexity is manifest in the diverse architecture of its cities. All over the region and particularly in Palermo we can find Arab, Greek, Roman, and Spanish influences in the layout of the city as well as in the food and local language.
Sicily is the third biggest producing country in Italy, behind Veneto and Tuscany. The quality of Sicilian wines has increased steadily in the past 30 years. Some international grape varietals - mainly chardonnay and syrah - have found a place in Sicilian viticulture, traditionally dominated by native varietals such as Nero d’Avola, Catarratto, Grillo, and Inzolia.
The Terroir of Sicily
Sicily proximity to Northern Africa and position right at the center of the Mediterranean reflect deeply on its climate. Endless sunshine, moderate rainfalls, and good aeration characterize pretty much the whole region with minor seasonal variations. Palm trees and other tropical plants and fruits are a fairly common sight in Sicily all year round.
Among the several benefits of this climate one stands out: in Sicily, grapes can grow without being imperiled by mildew, rot, or any other disease brought by too much humidity. Sicilian grapes are generally speaking naturally healthy, hence the substantial number of certified organic or biodynamic wineries.
The Red Wines of Sicily
The most widely planted red grape varietal in Sicily is Nero d'Avola, which accounts for about 20% of the total regional wine production. Frappato is another prominent red varietal, used to make the only DOCG wine in Sicily, Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG.
Less common but typical of Sicily are Alicante, similar to Grenache, Nocera, and Perrone often blended with Nero d'Avola. On the slopes of the active volcano Mount Etna, Nerello Mascalese, and Nerello Cappuccio are key red grape varietals in the popular Etna DOC appellation.
The White Wines of Sicily
Marsala and Passito di Pantelleria are perhaps the most famous Sicilian white wines, although their popularity has been waning over the years in favor of dry and refreshing white wines made from native varietals Inzolia and Grillo are fairly easy to find in the United States and generally very good.
In a similar way to Umbria, the Central Italian region known for the red tannic wine Sagrantino di Montefalco, Chardonnay has found its place also in Sicily. Chardonnay from Sicily can vary in quality depending on the producer.
On Primal Wine we sell one of the few 100% Chardonnay vinified with extended skin-contact in the style of an Orange Wine made by the excellent Marabino winery from organically farmed grapes.